How does fetal alcohol syndrome affect a child?

FAS can cause heart, bone, and kidney problems. Vision problems and hearing loss are common. Seizures and other neurologic problems, such as learning disabilities, and poor balance and coordination. Delayed development.

What are two effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

The effects of FAS include mental retardation, malformations of the skeletal system and major organ systems (specifically the heart and brain), inhibited growth, central nervous system complications, poor motor skills, mortality, and difficulty with learning, memory, social interaction, attention span, problem solving.

What is the main effect of fetal alcohol exposure?

It can cause a range of developmental, cognitive, and behavioral problems, which can appear at any time during childhood and last a lifetime. The most profound effects of prenatal alcohol exposure are brain damage and the resulting impairments in behavioral and cognitive functioning.

Who is most affected by fetal alcohol syndrome?

Women who drink heavily, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy, tend to have the most severely affected children. The manifestations of FASD are wide ranging.

At what age can fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?

In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age.

What are the characteristics of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Symptoms

  • Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip.
  • Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers.
  • Slow physical growth before and after birth.
  • Vision difficulties or hearing problems.

How do you know if you have fetal alcohol syndrome?

Symptoms

  1. Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip.
  2. Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers.
  3. Slow physical growth before and after birth.
  4. Vision difficulties or hearing problems.

At what age can Fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?

How can you tell if someone has fetal alcohol syndrome?

Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip. Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers. Slow physical growth before and after birth. Vision difficulties or hearing problems.

What are 5 signs and symptoms of FASDs?

Signs and Symptoms

  • Low body weight.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Hyperactive behavior.
  • Difficulty with attention.
  • Poor memory.
  • Difficulty in school (especially with math)
  • Learning disabilities.
  • Speech and language delays.

What percentage of mothers drink alcohol pregnant?

More than 1 in 9 pregnant women in the U.S. drink alcohol while pregnant, and about 4 percent binge drink, according to new survey estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

How do you know if your child has fetal alcohol syndrome?

What are the dangers of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Some of the potential birth defects and other issues caused by drinking alcohol which together form fetal alcohol syndrome are: Smaller heads. Deformed facial features. Coordination problems. Learning and memory problems. Social and communication problems.

Are there any cures for fetal alcohol syndrome?

Fetal alcohol syndrome does not have a cure. But treatment can help address problems related to it. The following symptoms can occur in babies suffering from fetal alcohol syndrome: 2 Poor prenatal and postnatal growth. Difficulties with speech, social skills, coordination, and/or cognition.

When to talk to your doctor about fetal alcohol syndrome?

If you drink during pregnancy, you place your baby at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome. If you suspect your child has fetal alcohol syndrome, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis may help to reduce problems such as learning difficulties and behavioral issues.

Are there any medical problems associated with prenatal alcohol exposure?

Facial abnormalities and growth retardation need not be present. This disorder includes medical conditions linked to prenatal alcohol exposure such as: heart, kidney, and bone problems and other malformations; difficulty seeing and hearing; and reduced immune function.