How is the flora and fauna of Himalayas?

The Himalayan region, with its diverse climatic conditions, is home to many uncommon, endemic and endangered species of flora and fauna. Amongst the fauna are 218 species of fish, 74 species of amphibian, 149 species of reptile, 528 species of bird and 241 species of mammal.

Why Himalayas are rich in flora and fauna?

The vast area covered by the mountain range along with some fantastic altitude gradients result in the tremendous biodiversity of the Himalayan region. Vegetation and wildlife, both change according to the varying altitude and the resulting differences in climatic conditions.

What is the flora of Himalayan forest?

Rhododendron occurs everywhere but is more abundant in the wetter parts of the eastern Himalayas, where it grows in all sizes from trees to low shrubs. Mosses and lichens grow in shaded areas at lower levels in the alpine zone where the humidity is high; flowering plants are found at high elevations.

How do Himalaya protect us?

The altitude of the Himalayas, their sprawl and extention intercept the summer monsoon coming from the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The Himalayas also prevent the cold Siberian air masses from entering into India. Had there been no Himalayas, the whole of northern Indian would have been a cold desert.

How do plants adapt to the Himalayas?

The mountains are home to many evergreen trees and plants which keep their leaves throughout the winter; therefore they don’t require energy and nutrients to develop new leaves during the short growing season.

What is the significance of the Himalayas to India?

Significance of Himalayan mountains to India are mainly classified as climatic influence ,defence, source of rivers , fertile soil ,agriculture, tourism, hydroelectricity, forest wealth ,minerals and pilgrimage. The Himalayas save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia.

What is the significance of the Himalayas?

What are the benefits of Himalayas?

The following few points will bring out the significance of the Himalayan Mountains to India.

  • Climatic Influence: The Himalayas play a very significant role in influencing the climate of India.
  • Defence:
  • Source of Rivers:
  • Fertile Soil:
  • Hydroelectricity:
  • Forest Wealth:
  • Agriculture:
  • Tourism:

Why is Himalaya important?

Hint:Himalayas are very important to us as they save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia. They also prevent from the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and cause heavy rainfall in Northern India.

Why are the Himalayas useful?

The Himalayas are very useful to India in many ways. The Himalayas are a great climatic barrier. They save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia, It also prevents the rain-laden monsoon winds of Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and causes heavy rain-fall in the Northern India.

Why are flowers important to Flora of Himalayas?

Flower always make people better, happier and more helpful; they are sunshine, food and medicine for the soul, and where they bloom so does the hope! It is imperative for us to protect flora around us. We at Flora of Himalayas aim to increase understanding and appreciation of flowers and plants.

How many species of plants are in the Himalaya?

The Himalayan region, with its diverse climatic conditions, is home to many uncommon, endemic and endangered species of flora and fauna. The number of plant species in the Himalaya is estimated at 25,000 – 10% of the world’s known species and 50% of India’s endemic flora.

What kind of forests are in the Himalayas?

The tropical rainforests are dense, evergreen, gloomy and similar to the forests of the Amazon basin and other equatorial areas. They occur mainly in the eastern Himalayas which receives very heavy rainfall. Tropical deciduous forests are found in regions of slightly lower rainfall. They are common in the lower slopes of the Himalayas.