Table of Contents
Was Artaud a schizophrenic?
From 1920-1926 most of his works, ,which are, contrary to the general opinion, obsessively autobiographical, do not discuss universal problems of Mind” and “flesh” but strive to convey the singular problems and anxieties engendered by his steadily increasing schizophrenic split between his mind and his body.
What happened to Antonin Artaud?
Artaud died of cancer on March 4, 1948, in a rest home near Paris.
Who did Artaud inspire?
His productions of King Lear and the Marat/Sade were most explicitly influenced by Artaud’s thinking. His ideas bled beyond the world of the stage. Jim Morrison, lead singer of the 1960s American band the Doors, was inspired by his writings on ritual and spectacle in performance.
When and where was Artaud born?
Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud
Antonin Artaud/Full name
What mental illnesses did Antonin Artaud have?
Antonin Artaud suffered his first depressive breakdown at 16; at 21, he was diagnosed with hereditary syphilis (his parents, in addition, were first cousins). He was treated with laudanum, which initiated a lifelong drug addiction.
What was Artaud’s illness?
Artaud contracted meningitis when he was five years old, and is said to have suffered more or less acute mental illness ever since, leading to repeated periods in sanatoria and, for the last ten years of his life, in mental asylums, where treatment included electric shock therapy.
What was Artaud’s mental illness?
He conceptualized the Theatre of Cruelty movement with essays and plays, and wrote experimental texts with themes of introspection, mysticism, drug use, unorthodox politics and his experiences with schizophrenia.
How did Artaud feel his audience?
Artaud wanted to put the audience in the middle of the ‘spectacle’ (his term for the play), so they would be ‘engulfed and physically affected by it’. He referred to this layout as being like a ‘vortex’ – a constantly shifting shape – ‘to be trapped and powerless’.
How old is Antonin?
51 years (1896–1948)
Antonin Artaud/Age at death
What did Artaud influence?
Artaud, influenced by Symbolism and Surrealism, along with Roger Vitrac and Robert Aron founded the Théâtre Alfred Jarry in 1926; they presented four programs, including August Strindberg’s A Dream Play and Vitrac’s Victor, before disbanding in 1929.
What were Artaud’s techniques?
Artaudian Techniques Creating a dream world – use of ritual, masks, tradition and striking costumes; No scenery just symbolic objects; Combines with movement, lights and music – affect the emotion and subconscious – like dreams.
Why is Antonin Artaud important?
Antonin Artaud (1896-1948) was one of the 20th century’s most important theoreticians of the drama. He developed the theory of the Theater of Cruelty, which has influenced playwrights from Beckett to Genet, from Albee to Gelber. He soon began to find jobs as a stage and screen actor and as a set and costume designer.
Where was Antonin Marie-Joseph Artaud born and raised?
Antonin-Marie-Joseph Artaud was born in Marseilles on September 4, 1896, the son of a wealthy shipfitter and a mother from a Greek background.
What kind of cancer did Antonin Artaud have?
Artaud died of cancer on March 4, 1948, in a rest home near Paris. Unlike his fellow theoretician of the drama, Bertolt Brecht, whose plays have been widely honored and frequently performed, Artaud had no success at all with his endeavors in drama, poetry, or fiction. His reputation rests entirely on his critical work.
How many children did Antonin Artaud have by his grandmother?
His maternal grandmother, Mariette Chilé, grew up in Smyrna, where she married Louis Nalpas, a local ship chandler. He was, throughout his life, greatly affected by his Greek ancestry. Euphrasie gave birth to nine children, but four were stillborn and two others died in childhood.
How old was Antonin Artaud when he had meningitis?
Antonin-Marie-Joseph Artaud was born in Marseilles on September 4, 1896, the son of a wealthy shipfitter and a mother from a Greek background. At age five he suffered a near-fatal attack of meningitis, the results of which remained with him for the rest of his life.