What are the limitations to freedom of expression in Nigeria?

Thus section 36 (1) of the Constitution of Nigeria isformulated to give Freedom of Expression subject only to the laws of the country as to libel, slander, injurious falsehood etc. Even where such situation arises, it would be a matter for a court of law to determine and not the legislature.

What are the key issues of freedom of expression?

Key issues

  • Principle of non-discrimination.
  • Freedom of religion.
  • Freedom of expression.
  • Freedom of assembly.
  • Freedom of association.
  • Fundamental freedoms in situations of armed conflict.

What are the limitations to the right to freedom of expression?

Freedom of speech and expression, therefore, may not be recognized as being absolute, and common limitations or boundaries to freedom of speech relate to libel, slander, obscenity, pornography, sedition, incitement, fighting words, classified information, copyright violation, trade secrets, food labeling, non- …

What are the challenges of human rights in Nigeria?

The case of accidental discharges, domestic violence, detention without trial, kidnappings, and police brutality are common occurrences. In short, the Nigerian experience has shown the level at which peoples’ integrity and dignity are not respected and protected in the society.

Does Niger have freedom of speech?

The Constitution of 18 July 1999, the founding document of the Nigerien Fifth Republic and the basis of its legal system, guarantees certain rights for every citizen of Niger. These include rights to equality before the law, due process, universal suffrage, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion.

What constitution says about freedom of speech?

First Amendment. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

What are some examples of freedom of expression?

This includes the right to express your views aloud (for example through public protest and demonstrations) or through:

  • published articles, books or leaflets.
  • television or radio broadcasting.
  • works of art.
  • the internet and social media.

Why do we need freedom of expression?

Freedom of expression is an important human right which is essential for a society to be democratic. It enables the free exchange of ideas, opinions and information and thus allows members of society to form their own opinions on issues of public importance.

What are the four limitations to freedom of expression?

freedom from cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (article 7 of the ICCPR and article 37(a) of the CRC) the right of children to special protection (article 24 of the ICCPR and article 3 of the CRC) freedom from arbitrary interference with home, family, correspondence or reputation privacy (article 17 of the ICCPR).

What are 3 constitutional limitations to the right to freedom of expression?

Section 16 contains the following limitations to freedom of expression “The right in subsection (1) does not extend to propaganda for war; incitement of imminent violence; or advocacy of hatred that is based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion, and that constitutes incitement to cause harm..”

What are the challenges of human right?

Human Rights Challenges

  • Poverty and global inequities.
  • Discrimination.
  • Armed conflict and violence.
  • Impunity.
  • Democracy deficits.
  • Weak institutions.

What are the effects of fundamental rights?

Fundamental rights lead to an asymmetric legal relationship. They give rights to individuals, and they are binding on the state. They form restrictions to state conduct, and give individuals a remedy against such conduct. Courts are certainly part of state power.