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What did Ayatollah Khomeini do as leader of Iran?
He was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which saw the overthrow of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the end of the Persian monarchy. Khomeini was born in Khomeyn, in what is now Iran’s Markazi Province.
Why is Ayatollah Khomeini remembered?
The Iranian Revolution Despite statements such as the one he made in Paris, Khomeini was widely acknowledged as the new leader of Iran, and came to be known as the Supreme Leader. He returned home to cheering crowds, and began laying the groundwork for the Islamic state he had for so long been imagining.
What was the result of Iran’s 1979 revolution?
Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic republic on 1 April 1979 and to formulate and approve a new theocratic-republican constitution whereby Khomeini became supreme leader of the country in December 1979. The revolution was unusual for the surprise it created throughout the world.
How did Khomeini gain power?
In 1962, Khomeini was arrested by the shah’s security service for his outspoken opposition to the pro-Western regime of the Shah. There was a national referendum and Khomeini won a landslide victory. He declared an Islamic republic and was appointed Iran’s political and religious leader for life.
How did Ayatollah Khomeini change Iran?
Shia cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the Iranian revolution, first came to political prominence in 1963 when he led opposition to the Shah and his program of reforms known as the “White Revolution”, which aimed to break up landholdings owned by some Shi’a clergy, allow women to vote and religious …
What does Ayatollah mean in English?
: a religious leader among Shiite Muslims —used as a title of respect especially for one who is not an imam.
Which was a cause of the Iran hostage crisis in 1979?
When the Shah came to America for cancer treatment in October, the Ayatollah incited Iranian militants to attack the U.S. On November 4, the American Embassy in Tehran was overrun and its employees taken captive. The hostage crisis had begun.