What does the 20th Amendment do?

The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

What is the 20th Amendment simplified?

The 20th amendment is a simple amendment that sets the dates at which federal (United States) government elected offices end. In also defines who succeeds the president if the president dies. This amendment was ratified on January 23, 1933.

What amendment sets January 20th as the day the new president takes office?

The date was moved to January 20 with the passage of the Twentieth Amendment in 1933.

Why was the 20th amendment proposed?

Reformers eventually sought an amendment to push back the start date to early January in order to shorten the “lame duck” session in election years (November to the following March). In 1923, Senator George Norris of Nebraska authored the initial resolution that provided the basis for the 20th Amendment.

What is an example of the 20th Amendment?

For example, the 20th Amendment states: If, by chance, the president elect dies before he can begin his term, then the 20th Amendment provides for the vice president elect to become president.

What is Section 4 of the 20th Amendment?

Section 4 permits Congress to statutorily clarify what should occur if either the House of Representatives must elect the president, and one of the candidates from whom it may choose dies, or if the Senate must elect the vice president and one of the candidates from whom it may choose dies.

What does Section 3 of the 20th Amendment mean?

If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President.

Has any president been inaugurated January 20th?

Since 1937, it has taken place at noon EST on January 20, the first day of the new term, except in 1957, 1985, and 2013, when January 20 fell on a Sunday. In those years, the presidential oath of office was administered on that day privately and then again in a public ceremony the next day, on Monday, January 21.

What does Section 4 of the 20th Amendment mean?

What historical event prompted the 20th Amendment?

Most famously, several states seceded from the Union after the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, but before he took office March 4, 1861. It was these concerns that led to 20th Amendment to the Constitution.

What is the 20th Amendment called?

Unratified Amendments: The Twentieth Amendment (Amendment XX) to the United States Constitution moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president from March 4 to January 20, and of members of Congress from March 4 to January 3.

When does the term of President and vice president end?

The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

When do the terms of the first president end?

As a result, the terms of the first President, Vice President, Senators, and Representatives began on March 4, and because the Constitution states that those terms are to last for four, four, six, and two years, respectively, they would end on a future March 4.

When does Congress meet for the first time?

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President.

When do the terms of the House and Senate begin?

The first section fixes the start dates for the regular terms of members of the Senate and House of Representatives as January 3 of the year following their election and for President and Vice President as January 20. Previously, under terms set in 1788 by the Confederation Congress, all of these terms began on March 4 following the election.