# Hacktivateed

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## What is disjoint and partial?

In an incomplete specialization, also called a partial specialization, only some individuals of the parent class are specialized (that is, have unique attributes). In a disjoint specialization, also called an exclusive specialization, an individual of the parent class may be a member of only one specialized subclass.

What is disjoint and total?

Total-Disjoint- All the instances coming, will map to one subclass only and will not be shared among other subclasses. Partial-Disjoint- All instances coming, may stay with superclass or map to one of the sub classes only.

What is overlap and disjoint in EER?

The disjoint rule forces subclasses to have disjoint sets of entities. The overlap rule forces a subclass (also known as a supertype instance) to have overlapping sets of entities. The partial specialization rule allows an entity to not belong to any of the subclasses. It is represented with a single line connection.

### What is the disjoint constraint?

• Disjoint constraint. – Describes the relationship between. members of the subclasses and indicates whether it is possible for a member of a superclass to be a member of one, or more than one, subclass.

What is the full form of ER diagram?

An entity relationship diagram (ERD), also known as an entity relationship model, is a graphical representation that depicts relationships among people, objects, places, concepts or events within an information technology (IT) system.

What is the difference between ER diagram and EER diagram?

EER diagram is an enhanced ER diagram. ER diagram is a visual representation of data based on ER model, and it describes how entities are related to each other in the database. EER diagram is a visual representation of data, based on EER model that is an extension of the original entity-relationship (ER) model.

#### What is D EER diagram?

d means “disjoint”- what it tells is the subclasses must have disjoint sets of entities. 2.o means “overlap”The subclasses may have overlapping sets of entities.

What are the two types of participation constraints?

Participation constraint defines the least number of relationship instances in which an entity must participate. Total participation and Partial participation are the two types of participation constraints.

What is Disjointness constraint example?

If the value of a discriminator is not null and appears in supertype entity instance then that must be linked with the only one subtype. This is called disjoint constraint. For example, you say in school a person can be teacher and student but a teacher can’t be a student and vice versa.

## What is ER diagram explain with example?

An entity relationship diagram (ERD) shows the relationships of entity sets stored in a database. An entity in this context is an object, a component of data. An entity set is a collection of similar entities. These entities can have attributes that define its properties.

Why do we use ER diagram?

ER Diagrams are most often used to design or debug relational databases in the fields of software engineering, business information systems, education and research. ER diagrams also are often used in conjunction with data flow diagrams (DFDs), which map out the flow of information for processes or systems.

What are the types of ER diagram?

There are two kinds of ER diagrams: conceptual and physical. Conceptual diagram models can be used as the foundation for logical data models or to form commonality relationships between ER models as a basis for data-model integration.

### Why do you need an ER diagram disjoint?

Er Diagram Disjoint – ER is really a great-stage conceptual information product diagram. Entity-Relation product is dependant on the notion of true-entire world organizations as well as the relationship between the two. ER modeling allows you to analyze details specifications systematically to generate a nicely-made data base.

When is an entity a disjoint set?

Disjointness constraint: Holds when sets of subtype entities are disjoint from one another (i.e., the sets are mutually exclusive). An entity can be an element of at most one entity. Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, Senior are disjoint sets, and in this case covers, too.

What is an enhanced entity relationship diagram in ER?

Enhanced entity-relationship diagrams are advanced database diagrams very similar to regular ER diagrams which represents requirements and complexities of complex databases. It is a diagrammatic technique for displaying the Sub Class and Super Class; Specialization and Generalization; Union or Category; Aggregation etc.

#### Which is an example of disjoint or overlap of entities?

When it comes to disjoint or overlap of entities, the topic becomes about a super class and a subclass. This, however, is more like a kind of category. For example, if an organization has an owner, and if the owner can be a person, a company, or a bank, then it is a union of entities, if they are separate “tables”.