What is microfilm equipment?

“Microform” is a general term used to describe the microfilm, microfiche, or microprints (micro-opaque) used for the storage of documents that have been photographed and reduced in size in order to conserve space or to preserve materials that deteriorate rapidly.

What are two reasons for using microforms?

5 Advantages to Using Microfilm

  • Compact. Although specific conditions are better for the rolls of microfilm, the same can be said for newspapers and photos.
  • Strength. Microfilm is not made of the same materials as a regular film but is made of polyester.
  • Safety.
  • Reliable.
  • Digitization.

How do microfilm readers work?

Microfilm is a 35mm film on which printed materials are photographed at greatly reduced size for ease of storage. The digital lens on the microfilm reader enlarges the image, allowing you to read the contents. To read the card, one places it under the lens of a microfiche reader machine, which magnifies it.

Can microfilm be copied?

Yes, you may make copies from the microform machines for $. 10 a page. The machines do not take copy cards.

Is microfiche A?

What Does Microfiche Mean? Microfiche is a thin photographic film, usually four by five inches, which is capable of storing information in miniaturized form.

Where is microfilm used?

Microforms produced directly from a computer are being used to produce parts catalogs, hospital and insurance records, telephone listings, college catalogs, patent records, publisher’s catalogs and library catalogs.

What is the major disadvantage of microfilm device?

The disadvantages are the retrieval rate is slow, its very hard to update, and only one person at a time can see the images covered by the roll of film.

Does anyone still use microfilm?

Computer output microfilm (COM) was used for items such as insurance documents and catalogs. Some organizations still use and require microfilm, so it’s not going away – even with all the digital technology available, microfilm is an incredible and stable method of preserving records over the long term.

How do I create a microfilm document?

The critical 5 steps on how to make microfilm

  1. Prepare the documents and digital files you need to microfilm.
  2. Insert an empty microfilm roll into the archive writer.
  3. Take the exposed microfilm roll and process it.
  4. Inspect the quality of the processed film.
  5. You have successfully created a microfilm roll.

Is microfiche still used?

Is microfiche and microfilm still used? The answer is yes! Despite all the advances in technology, such as cloud based memory storage, the microfiche/microfilm machine still remains useful for many institutions.

What is difference between microfilm and microfiche?

Microfilm is a reel of 16mm or 35mm film. Microfiche is a flat sheet of images. Both types of microform may be viewed using the readers in the Microform Reading Room.

What kind of camera do you need to make microfilm?

Microfilm and microfiche can be created in two separate ways: using a microform camera or a microfilm writer. The microfilm camera is an analog camera that exposes the film to light shaped in the form of the document. This is a slow and lengthy process and it presumes you are directly converting paper documents to microfilm.

What kind of storage is needed for microfilm?

Microfilm only needs shelving in a cool, dry place for a very long period of time. NARA has some holdings in which a few records are referenced often enough to cause wear and tear. Such records are candidates for microfilming.

Why is microfilm important to the National Archives?

In an era of digitization, NARA continues to microfilm records because microfilm is a low-cost, reliable, long-term, standardized image storage medium. The equipment needed to view microfilm images is simple, consisting of light and magnification.

What should the humidity be for microfilm records?

Microfilmed records with a retention period exceeding ten years must be stored in a temperature that does not exceed 70 o Fahrenheit, and a constant relative humidity of 35% must be maintained with a maximum variance of +/- 5.0% relative humidity in a 24 hour period.