Table of Contents
What organ relaxes and contracts allow movement?
Skeletal muscles contract and relax to mechanically move the body.
Which muscular organ of the body contracts and relaxes?
Skeletal muscles attach to and move bones by contracting and relaxing in response to voluntary messages from the nervous system. Skeletal muscle tissue is composed of long cells called muscle fibers that have a striated appearance.
What is the only kind of tissue that contracts and relaxes?
Muscle tissue contains special contractile proteins called actin and myosin which contract and relax to cause movement.
What organ system can voluntarily contract?
Your nervous system (brain and nerves) sends a message to activate your skeletal (voluntary) muscles. Your muscle fibers contract (tense up) in response to the message. When the muscle activates or bunches up, it pulls on the tendon. Tendons attach muscles to bones.
What is the strongest muscle in the human body?
The strongest muscle based on its weight is the masseter. With all muscles of the jaw working together it can close the teeth with a force as great as 55 pounds (25 kilograms) on the incisors or 200 pounds (90.7 kilograms) on the molars.
What are the 12 steps of muscle contraction?
Terms in this set (12)
- Motor neuron sends action potential (nerve impulse) to the muscle.
- acetylcholine (ACh) release from vesicles on motor neuron.
- ACh binds to receptors on muscle membrane & activates 2nd action potential, now on muscle.
- Action potential opens active transport pumps of sarcoplasmic reticulum.
What are the 4 types of muscles?
Different types of muscle
- Skeletal muscle – the specialised tissue that is attached to bones and allows movement.
- Smooth muscle – located in various internal structures including the digestive tract, uterus and blood vessels such as arteries.
- Cardiac muscle – the muscle specific to the heart.
What are the 4 types of muscle tissue?
What is the smallest muscle in the body?
Stapedius muscle is termed to be the smallest skeletal muscle in human body, which has a major role in otology. Stapedius muscle is one of the intratympanic muscles for the regulation of sound.
What muscles are both voluntary and involuntary?
Smooth muscle myocytes are spindle shaped with a single centrally located nucleus. Muscle Types: Cardiac and skeletal muscle are both striated in appearance, while smooth muscle is not. Both cardiac and smooth muscle are involuntary while skeletal muscle is voluntary.
What is the weakest muscle in the body?
The stapedius is the smallest skeletal muscle in the human body. At just over one millimeter in length, its purpose is to stabilize the smallest bone in the body, the stapes….Stapedius muscle.
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
What part of your body is the heaviest?
What are the six heaviest organs in the human body?
- The skin is the body’s first heaviest organ, with a mass of 4-5 kg, and a total surface area of about 1.2-2.2 m2.
- The second heaviest is liver which secretes bile.
- The third heaviest organ is the brain which is having an average weight of 1500g.