Which directions are the lines of latitude?

Lines of latitude run North-South, while lines of longitude run East-West. Lines of latitude and lines of longitude both run North-South.

What direction do lines of longitude run on a map?

Longitude lines are a numerical way to show/measure how far a location is east or west of a universal vertical line called the Prime Meridian. This Prime Meridian line runs vertically, north and south, right over the British Royal Observatory in Greenwich England, from the North Pole to the South Pole.

Why are latitude and longitude lines used on maps and globes?

Maps and globes usually have lines on them to help locate places on Earth. These lines are called latitude and longitude lines. These lines are not actually on the planet, but are imaginary lines used to help us find our way around the curved surface of Earth. Lines of latitude and longitude crisscross to form a grid.

What are lines of latitude are called?

Lines of latitude are called parallels. Maps are often marked with parallels and meridians, creating a grid. The point in the grid where parallels and meridians intersect is called a coordinate. Coordinates can be used to locate any point on Earth.

What is 180 longitude called?

The Earth’s longitude measures 360, so the halfway point from the prime meridian is the 180 longitude line. The meridian at 180 longitude is commonly known as the International Date Line.

What are the 5 latitude lines?

Important lines of latitude:

  • the equator (0°)
  • the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
  • the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
  • the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
  • the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
  • the North Pole (90° north)
  • the South Pole (90° south)

Which is the main line of latitude on a globe?

Lines of latitude, or parallels, are east-west circles around the globe. The main line of latitude is the equator. It is located at zero degrees latitude (0°). Latitude lines measure distances north or south of the equator.

What are the lines around the Globe called?

The lines circling the globe in a north-south direction are called lines of longitude (or meridians). They are used to measure distances east and west. Lines of latitude and longitude crisscross to form a grid. The location of any point on the surface of Earth can be described by two coordinates: its latitude and its longitude.

Why are latitude and longitude lines called parallels?

Latitude. Latitude lines are also known as parallels since they are parallel and are an equal distant from each other. Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 km) apart; there is a variation due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere but an oblate ellipsoid (slightly egg-shaped).

How are the degrees and longitudes of the earth related?

How Latitude and Longitude Work Together. To precisely locate points on the earth’s surface, degrees longitude and latitude have been divided into minutes (‘) and seconds (“). There are 60 minutes in each degree.