Who were the leaders of the Spanish Empire?


  • Charles V (Carlos) (1516–56)
  • Philip II (Felipe) (1556–98)
  • Philip III (Felipe) (1598–1621)
  • Philip IV (Felipe) (1621–65)
  • Charles II (Carlos) (1665–1700)

Who were the first Spanish colonists?

In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.

Which groups of people were at the top in the middle and on the bottom of the social hierarchy in the Spanish colonies What did this hierarchy reflect?

Which groups of people were at the top, in the middle and on the bottom of the social hierarchy in the Spanish colonies? What did this hierarchy reflect? pure blood was at the top, mixed in the middle, and natives/Africans at the bottom.

What was the hierarchy in the Spanish colonies?

The social class system of Latin America goes as follows from the most power and fewest people, to those with the least amount of power and the most people: Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Native Americans and Africans.

Who was the 1st king of Spain?

Ferdinand II of
Monarchy of Spain

King of Spain
First monarch Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (Catholic Monarchs of Spain)
Residence Royal Palace of Madrid (official) Palace of Zarzuela (private)
Appointer Hereditary
Website The Spanish Monarchy

When did Spain rule the world?

Habsburg Spain was a superpower and the center of the first global empire in the 16th century. It had a cultural golden age in the 17th century.

How did the Spanish treat the Native Americans?

The Spanish treated the natives very violently. They had taken natives as slaves and murdered those who were not of use.

How did Spain lose America?

The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.

What are the 4 social classes of New Spain?

The correct order of the social classes in Spanish colonial society would be “D) Peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos, Native Americans,” with Peninsulares being at the “top”.

What were the political causes of the Latin American revolution?

The immediate trigger of the conflict was Napoleon’s invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) in 1807 and 1808, but its roots also lay in the growing discontent of creole elites (people of Spanish ancestry who had been born in Latin America) with the restrictions imposed by Spanish imperial rule.

What is the lowest rank in Spanish colonial period?

During the Spanish colonial period in the Mariana Islands (17th through 19th centuries) the CHamoru people were classified as indios. In the Spanish racial hierarchy, indios were the lowest-ranked group. The order was peninsulares, criollos, mestizos, Filipinos and indios.

What are the 3 social classes in the Philippines during Spanish colonization?

Who was the highest caste in Spanish colonial society?

Most of the Spanish colonies were located in the Americas from as far north as what is now Canada to much of South America. The peninsulares were the highest caste in the Spanish colonial society. They were the only class of people who held public office, and they were from the mainland of Spain.

What are the four levels of Spanish colonial society?

What Are the Four Levels of Spanish Colonial Society? The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans. Most of the Spanish colonies were located in the Americas from as far north as what is now Canada to much of South America.

What was the culture of the Spanish colonies?

Colonial Culture. Though influenced by Spanish traditions from the Iberian peninsula, the culture that emerged in the colonial New World was a mixture of European, African, and local Native customs.

What was the class structure of Spanish America?

Caste and Class Structure in Colonial Spanish America. During most of the colonial era, Spanish American society had a pyramidal structure with a small number of Spaniards at the top, a group of mixedrace people beneath them, and at the bottom a large indigenous population and small number of slaves, usually of African origin.