Why are most deserts located just above or below the equator?

Deserts cover around 20% of the Earth and are on every continent. They are mainly found around 30 to 50 degrees latitude, called the mid-latitudes. These areas are about halfway between the equator and the north and south poles. Because the cooling air is above the equator, the moisture rains back down on the tropics.

Are deserts only found near the equator?

There are many deserts around the world. The equator is mainly over open water or rainforests. So no, deserts are not only found near the equator.

Why are deserts located near the tropics?

The hot deserts of the world are located between 15° and 30° north or south of the equator, where the air is subsiding or sinking air (find out why deserts are found along the tropics here). They cool the air and make it harder for the air to hold moisture.

Why so much precipitation occurs near the equator?

Near the Earth’s equator, solar heating is intense year round. The Sun heats the ocean, evaporating tremendous amounts of water. As air rises, it cools, and water vapor condenses into rain. This daily cycle of heating, evaporation, and convection creates a persistent band of showers and storms around Earth’s middle.

Are all deserts cold at night?

Deserts are extremely dry places with almost no humidity, so the heat can’t be retained during the night. Not all deserts get cold during the night. The air in dry areas cools off when there are no clouds covering the area, when there is no wind or, naturally, when there is almost no moisture in the air.

What desert is on the equator?

But for the past 2,000 years or so, the climate of the Sahara has been fairly stable. The northeastern winds dry out the air over the desert and drive hot winds toward the equator. These winds can reach exceptional speeds and cause severe dust storms that can drop local visibility to zero.

What is on the equator?

The Equator passes through 13 countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Sao Tome & Principe, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.

What is the biggest desert in the world?

Antarctic desert
The largest desert on earth is the Antarctic desert, covering the continent of Antarctica with a size of around 5.5 million square miles….Ranking of the largest deserts on earth (in million square miles)

Desert (Type) Surface area in million square miles
Antarctic (polar) 5.5
Arctic (polar) 5.4

Does it rain alot at the equator?

Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year.

Does it rain every day on the equator?

It is a common fact that equatorial regions receives highest rainfall (to the tune of 4000 mm in a year). Raining occurs everyday or every alternate day over equatorial region making it wettest on earth, resulting them at an average 22 days wet in a month. Some solid scientific reason governs this phenomenon.

What is the deadliest desert?

Sahara desert
According to scientists the most dangerous place in the world is located inside Africa’s Sahara desert.

Are there any deserts near or south of the equator?

Deserts are not located near the equator but are located about 25-30 degrees north and south of the equator. The tropics, including rainforests, are located near or on the equator. Are all hot deserts near the equator?

Why are deserts located at 30 degrees latitude?

These deserts experience dry and hot conditions year-round and see plenty of sunlight, little wind and very little precipitation. This area of desert lands forms in the areas of latitude 30 degrees north to 30 degrees south of the Equator.

Why are there so many deserts in the world?

Others, like the Great Basin of western United States, and the deserts of central and eastern Australia are caused by the “rainshadow effect”, through which coastal mountains milk rain from the air before it passes inland.

Why are areas around the equator the hottest?

Equatorial areas are the hottest but they also receive the highest amounts of rainfall resulting in dense forests (Indonesia, Congo, and surprise, Amazon rainforests in Brazil, all are around the equator) thanks to heavy rains throughout the year brought because of low pressure belt created by Doldrums.