Why did the voyageurs come to New France?

The voyageurs were engaged in the transporting of furs during the fur trade years, often over long distances, by foot and canoe. They were normally Canadians, colonists or sons of colonists who were used to the rigours of winter and difficult canoeing from a young age.

Who did the voyageurs work for what was their job?

“Voyageur”, the French word for traveler, refers to the contracted employees who worked as canoe paddlers, bundle carriers, and general laborers for fur trading firms from the 1690s until the 1850s. This is why voyageurs were also known as “engagés”, a loose French expression translated as “employees”.

What did the voyageurs like to do?

Voyageurs were the canoe transportation workers in organized, licensed long-distance transportation of furs and trade goods in the interior of the continent. Coureurs des bois were entrepreneur woodsman engaged in all aspects of fur trading rather than being focused on just the transportation of fur trade goods.

How did the coureurs de bois contribute to the economic success of New France?

How did the coureurs de bois contribute to the economic success of New France? They helped expands the population of New France by marrying Indian women and starting families. What were the consequences of the Dutch alliance with the Iroquois for the Hurons? The Hurons and the Iroquois were enemies.

What did New France do for fun?

Dance performances, song recitals and concerts, improvised or organized, were equally well received by the people of New France. Reading was also a favourite pastime among the members of the population who could read and preferred to relax at home.

What was a voyageur in New France?

Voyageurs were young men hired to transport goods to trading posts. They were forbidden to do any trading of their own. Until 1705, roughly 60 young men travelled on behalf of the Compagnie de la Colonie as far as the post of Detroit (founded in 1701). They earned a modest wage for their efforts.

What were the voyageurs paid?

The wintering voyageurs were paid once a year at Grand Portage, but they were paid in goods or in vouchers for merchandise from the company-run story. Because of the inflated prices at Grand Portage, the pay was worth only two-thirds of what it would have been in Montreal.

What food did the fur traders eat?

The food also had to keep and not spoil during the long journey. Their diet included biscuits, pork and beans, pancakes, dried peas, cornmeal and pemmican (dried meat that could be eaten fried, or even made into a stew seasoned with maple syrup or berries). Voyageurs didn’t eat fancy meals, but the meals were hearty.

What did a voyageur look like?

Voyageurs could be identified by their distinctive clothing. They often wore a red toque and a sash around their waist. The white cotton shirt was protection from the sun and mosquitoes. They also wore breeches with leggings and moccasins.

What is the life of a voyageur?

They were strong and healthy men who could withstand harsh weather conditions and maintain a very fast paddling pace. The route from Montreal to Lake Superior and back would take 12 to 16 weeks. The men paddled from sunrise to sunset, heaving back-breaking packs of trade goods and furs over grueling portages.

Why was Coureur de Bois important?

The independent coureurs des bois played an important role in the European exploration of the continent. They were also vital in establishing trading contacts with Indigenous peoples. Coureurs des bois were itinerant, unlicenced fur traders from New France.

Who did the coureurs de bois trade with?

It would take them two months to travel from Montreal to the trading post at Michilimakinac (near Sault Ste. Marie). The coureurs des bois (literally, “wood runners”) were the adventurers of New France. Their illicit trade with First Nations and English traders made them outlaws in the eyes of the colonial government.

Who are the voyageurs and what did they do?

Voyageurs were contracted by merchants or military officers with permits. Coureurs des bois, on the other hand, were typically considered outlaws of sorts because they did not have permits from colonial authorities. Voyageurs were young men hired to transport goods to trading posts.

Why did the Voyageurs of New France expand?

Around the same time, New France began to expand, in an attempt to dominate the fur trade. In conjunction with this, the royal authorities in Montreal built a series of forts and trading posts to protect the trade routes.

What did the Voyageurs get at Grand Portage?

The NWC obtained 30 to 50 tons of pemmican each season for its fur brigades. The only time voyageurs received a generous and extravagant meal was at the annual meetings in Grand Portage. The north men were given a feast of bread, butter, pork, liquor and tobacco on their arrival. In contrast, the clerks, guides,…

How are Voyageurs different from the coureurs des Bois?

Being a voyageur meant that you were part of a licensed, organized effort, which was different from the coureurs des bois, or wood runners, who would partake in illegal or non-sanctioned trading. The voyageurs were also different from the engagés pour l’ouest, who were often immigrants on an indenture contract sent west to trade in furs.