Why would you give a patient a hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solutions are used when the cell is dehydrated and fluids need to be put back intracellularly. This happens when patients develop diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemia. because you can deplete their fluid volume.

What is hypotonic solution in nursing?

Hypotonic solutions have a lower concentration of dissolved solutes than blood. An example of a hypotonic IV solution is 0.45% Normal Saline (0.45% NaCl). When hypotonic IV solutions are infused, it results in a decreased concentration of dissolved solutes in the blood as compared to the intracellular space.

What happens if you give a patient a hypotonic solution?

When a hypotonic solution is administered, it puts more water in the serum than is found inside cells. As a result, water moves into the cells, causing them to swell. This may cause the cells to swell and burst, exposing the vein’s basement membrane and potentially leading to phlebitis and infiltration.

Why are hypertonic solutions administered?

Hypertonic solutions are often administered in injections and hospital IV drips. They are given to patients with a buildup of fluid in their body issues (known as edema) to draw water away from the bloated tissues and back into the bloodstream.

What types of patients should not receive hypotonic IV solutions?

A hypotonic crystalloid solution of sodium chloride dissolved in sterile water, administered to treat hypernatremia or diabetic ketoacidosis.. It is contraindicated in patients with burns, trauma, or liver disease due to depletion of intravascular fluid volumes.

What is an example of a hypertonic solution?

Hypertonic solutions have a higher concentration of electrolytes than plasma. Common examples of hypertonic solutions are D5 in 0.9% normal saline and D5 in lactated ringers. The administration of hypertonic solutions should be monitored extremely closely, as they can quickly lead to fluid overload.

What is an example of hypotonic solution?

Some examples of hypotonic solutions include anything that has more water and less solute compared to the cells: Distilled water. 0.45% saline. 0.25% saline.

What is an example of hypertonic solution?

When would you give a patient a hypertonic solution?

Hypertonic solutions are also useful to patients with fluid overload when they need electrolytes. This includes conditions such as Heart Failure or severe edema. 3% Saline can provide patients with needed electrolytes, all while adding minimal water.

Is salt water a hypertonic solution?

Seawater is hypertonic. If you place an animal or a plant cell in a hypertonic solution, the cell shrinks, because it loses water ( water moves from a higher concentration inside the cell to a lower concentration outside ). So if you get thirsty at the beach drinking seawater makes you even more dehydrated.

What is the difference between hypotonic and isotonic IV solution?

Hypotonic (definition): low solute, high solvent. Isotonic (definition): equal solute and solvent ratio.

What is an example of a hypotonic solution?

What are some examples of hypotonic solutions?

Hypotonic Solution Hypotonic Solution Definition. A hypotonic solution is a solution that has a lower solute concentration compared to another solution. Examples of Hypotonic Solution. Large plants and fungi control the environment around their cells, helping ensure the environment is always a hypotonic solution, compared to the cells. Related Biology Terms. Quiz.

When to give hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solution: A solution that contains fewer dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood. Hypotonic solutions are commonly used to give fluids intravenously to hospitalized patients in order to treat or avoid dehydration.

When would you give a hypertonic solution?

These solutions are very useful when the cells have water intoxication, when they have been in a hypotonic medium for a long time and they are swollen. Therefore, an administration of hypertonic solution causes a cellular dehydration and would be beneficial for the cell.

A hypertonic solution is one which has a higher solute concentration than another solution. An example of a hypertonic solution is the interior of a red blood cell compared with the solute concentration of fresh water.